38 (1529) 17.09.2021 - 24.09.2021

볭 , , 볭 , ୳ : ࢭ , , ࢔. 糭볭 볭 . 㳭 ୳ , 볭 ?

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­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ 1921 ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ (), ­­, ­ ­­ 1924 ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­-­­, ­, ­, ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ -­­ — ­ ­­­­­, ­ ­­­ , ­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­.

­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­: -­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­-­­, ­­­­ ­ ­. ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­­, ­ ­ — ϳ, ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­. ­ ϳ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ 1938 ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

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­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­­ 1930- ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ “˳­ ­­”, ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­. , 1915 ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­, 1921-, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ “­” ­ ­ “­­” ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ “­”, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ 1939 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ .

­ ­

­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­, ­­­, ­­, ­ (­­­ ­ ­ ), ­­­, ­­, ­­, ­­.

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ 1930- ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­.

­­ ­

­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. , ­ ³­-­­­, ­­糢­ 1869 ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ղ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­, , ­­, ­­, ­­ ­­, 1897 ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­ ³­-­­­ ­᳢­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­, ­­­, , ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­糳, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. 1920- ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ³­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­.

­ʲ ­ò­

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ , ­­, ’­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ . , ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ “­” ­­­ ­ “ ­”, ­­­ 1937 ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ 쳳.

­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­-­ ­ 1919 — 1920 ­ — ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. Ѹ­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ -­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ ̲­­

̳­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. , ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ 1930- ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­.

̳­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. , ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ , ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ 1920- ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­, ­­ . ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

­ʲ ­­

­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­, 33, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ 1927 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ “­ ­­ ­­”. 7 ­­­ 1925 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ — ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, 31. ­­­ 1925 ­ ­­ “­ ­­­­ ”, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ 1922–1923 ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ 1928 ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ 1930 ­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ 1920–1930- ­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­ , ­­­­ ­­­. Ѹ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­.

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