Ⳮ.

2 (443) 01.02.2020 - 28.02.2020

̳
έ² Ⳮ, ୳ . -: 븭  . ̳ .

³­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­-­­­-­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­-­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ «». ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ , ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­²­ ­­­ ­­­: 1) ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­; 2) ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ (­­­­ ­ ­­ ­ «­­­. 34 ­­») ­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­.

 

1915- 18-­­ ̳­­ ­ ’Ⳣ­ ³­­, ­ 1918- — ­­ﳢ ³­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ˳­­­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­ 1920- ­ ­­ ­²­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ³­, ­­ﳢ , ­­ ­­ ­­ ˳­­­, ­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­.

 

­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­­ / ­­ ­­­­ ­ / ­ (­ . ­­­), ­­ ­­: ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ̳­­ ­ ­­­糢 ­­ ­­, ­糢 ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­. ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­­­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

 

­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ̳­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ’ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­: ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­­.

 

­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­, ­­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­.

 

­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ 1920-. ­, ̳­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ / ­ ­­­­ / ­.

 

­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ — ­­­, ­, ­, , ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­.

 

­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ — ­­­, ­­ ­­­­.

 

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­­­... ­­, ­­­ ­ ³­­, ­ «­», ­ ­­­ — ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

 

­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­.

 

­­­ ­ ­ ­­: «, ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. <...> . . ­­ <...> ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­Ⳣ ­­­ ­­. <...> , ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ’­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­. <...> ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­». ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­, ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ( ­­ ): «...­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­». ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­: «˳­ ­ ­ <...> ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. <...> ’­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ’­ ­».

 

­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ / ­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

 

­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­, ­-­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­. 1925 ­ ­­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ̳­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­, ’­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­. 1932 ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

 

­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ (ò­­) ­ ­ ­­­-­­­ ­­ (­­­) ­­. 1925 ­ ̳­­ ­ ­­­볢 ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­㳳 ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­- ­­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­.

 

­ 1920- ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ͳ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ , ­, ­­.

 

˸ ­ ­ -­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ 1929 ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ . ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ «­­ ­­ ­­», ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ( ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­Ⳣ ­ ­­­ ­­­).

 

̳­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ’­ ­. ­᳢ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­: «­­­, ­ , ­. ­­ ­». ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, 1944 ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ̳­­ ­ ­­ 1954 ­.

 

­­ ­²­ ­ ̳­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ .

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