4 (433) 01.04.2019 - 20.04.2019

Ⳮ .¸ , , 볭 . ¸ 194050-, , , , , 볭 , 븭 볭 糳 , ( , 1948 ).

­­ ­­­ «­ ­» ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ . ­-­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­­ ­. ⸢ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­, ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ̳­­­­­ « ­­­», ­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­ ­ ˳­. «˳­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, — ­­­ ­­­, — ­ ­. — ­ ­­­ ­糳 ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ , ­­糢­ 8 ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, “­ ­ ­­”. ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ 1960- — ­ ­­­­».

 

­­ ’ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­: ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­糢 ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­쳳 ­­ (­ ­­­-­­ ­) ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­.

 

­ ­­ ­­, 1960- ­­ ­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­ ­

 

1953 ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­-­­ ­­ 1959-, ­ , ­­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­­. ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ 1972 ­ ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­. ­?

 

­ ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­-­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ⸢ ­­ . ­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­­­㳳 ­ ­.

 

« ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­, ­, ­­­, ­ ­­, ­­ — ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ’­­ ­­ ­­ ­­... ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­, ­­-­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­, ­­, ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­ ­, ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­, ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­, ­ ».

 

­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ — ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­-­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­糢 ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ «­­», ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­, ­­볢­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­.

 

­ ­­ — - ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­.

 

«­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­, — ­­­ ­ ­­­. — ­­­ , ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ — ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­...

 

­ ­ ­­: ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ . ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­. , ­­, ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­, ­ ­. ʳ­.

 

­­, ­ ­­­ “ ­”, , ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ , ­ ­­­­ ­ ­. ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­. ­­ “­­­” ­­­ ­­­».

 

­ ­­­­ ­­­: « 1970- ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­, ­­, ­­­, ­­ ­­ 1970-, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ’­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­» (­­ ­­­. «­ ­ ­». «­­» 2, 2009).

 

­­­ ­­쳳 ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­: ­­ ­­ ­­, 1972 1989- ­­­ ­­ ­­, 1986—1989 ­ — ­­­, 1989—1997- — ­­.

 

­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ , ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ 22 ­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ — ­­ ­­­: ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­, ­-­­ ­­ ­­­... ­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

 

˳­­­­ ­­ ­

 

­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­: «­ — ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­쳳 ­­: ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ 26 ­ ­. ­­: ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ “­ ­” — ­­ ­­ ­­».

 

­ ­­ ­­ 1966 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­, ­ ­᳢ ­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ’­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­­ . ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­­ — ­­­ ­­­.

 

­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­: «ͳ­ ­!» ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ̳­­­ «­ ­­», ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ « ?» ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ « ­ ­­ ­» ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. «­, ­ ­­, », — ­­ ­ ­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­-­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­­.. ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ . ˳­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­­.

 

­­­ «­­» ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ «­ ­», ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­ ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­᳢ ­­ ­ «­­ ­­ ­». ­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ... ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­-­­ ­­ .

 

­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ 2008 ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ « ­ ­­­» «­­­» ­. ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­.

 

­­ ­­ ­ , ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ — ­­­. 1976 ­ ­­­ «­­ ­­­­» ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. 22 ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­᳢ ­­­­­­ ­­­, ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­糳 ­. ­ «­­ ­» ­­­ ­ ­ ­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ — ­, ­­­ ­­, ­⸢ 12 ­­ — ­­ ­ — ­­­ ­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­糢­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­­ — ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ — ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ — ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­ 1950-, ­­­ 1960-, 1970-80- ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­­­ ̳­­­­­ « ­­­» (1985—1998) ­­­­­ ­­ — ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­: ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­.

 

«­­ ­, — ­­ ­ ­, — ­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­­ ­­ “­­­ ­­” — ­ ­­­ ­ ˳­­­ ­ ­­­, — ­­­­ ­ , ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ . “ ­­” ­ ­­­ ­ 1985 ­, ­ ­ ­­­­­. ­ ­­ ­ 24 ­­, ­, 2018 ­, — 36 ­ ­ ̳­­­ ­­­».

 

­­ «­ ­» ­ ­­, ­­­ 2002 ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­: « ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ “­ ­” ­­ — ­ ­. ­, ­­­ ­­ ­ . ­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­, ­ — ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ 90 ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­».

 

­­

 

­ ­­ ­­ ­ — ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­쳳 ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ̳­­­ ­­쳳 ­ Ţ­糳, — ­ ­­­ ­, ­, ­, ­­: ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ 11 ­­­ 2018 ­. ­ 210 ­­ ­ ­­­­ 130 ­ — ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­­.

 

­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­ 80-­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ — ­­­­ 1990- ­­­ ­­ ­ 1970-, ­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­. 2016- ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­. ͳ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­, ­ ­ ­...

 

Ѹ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­... ­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­, ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­.

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