3 (408) 01.03.2017 - 31.03.2017

³
³ , . 볭 , Ⳮ , , , ࢭ () 볭 (볭).

ֳ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­²­ ­ ³­­­. ­-­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­ . ­­, 1910- ­­ Ţ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ XX ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­­­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ 1920-. ­­­ , ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­.

­­­ ­­ ­­­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ³­­ ­­-­­ ­ (ϲ), 1922 ­­ 1923- ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­-­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. 1921 ­ ­ ­­­ ­ «­ ³­» «­­», ­ ’­­ ­­ «̳­­­». ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­­­ ³­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ³­­ ­­ ̳­ dz­­ ­­. ̳­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­ ­ ­ ­, 1922 ­ ­ ­­ ³­­ ­­-­­ ­­ (­ ³­­ ­­ ­­­), ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ⸢ ­­ ­­, 1932- ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ̳­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­, ­ ­­­­.

1924 ­ ³­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ dz­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­, ­­­, ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ (1925, 1927, 1929). ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ³­­.

­­ ­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­-­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­. ˳­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ 1920-, ­­­ ̳, 1950—80-, ­ ­. ­ ­ ­-­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ 1920—1930-.

­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ³­­ ­ 1960—1980-. ­­, , ­­­ ­ 1950-, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ — ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­­ 1960—1980- ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­­ , ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­-­­­ ­­­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ (1960—1970). ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­-­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­. ³­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­ .

­­ 1970- ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­-­­­ ­­­­. ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. , ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­. ­­ ­ — ­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­, — ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ (1972). ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ³­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­ 1970- — ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­. ֳ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ «­­». ­­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­.

ϳ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ 1980-. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ , 1960—1970- ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ʳ­­­.

­ ­­­ ­ ­ ³­ ­ ­­­ ̳­ ­­ ­­­ (1960). ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ˳­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ « ­­­», ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­­­.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ʳ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ (1966), ­ ­­ ³­­. ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ — ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ 1960-, ­ 1980-. ­ ­ ­­­ ­ 14 ­, ­­­ ­­ ³­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­, ­­ ­­ ... ­­­.

­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ 1980- ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­.

˳­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ — ­ ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ . ͳ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ³­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ .

­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­Ⳣ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ — ­­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­᳢ ­ 1960-. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ³­.

ֳ­­ ­­ ­­­ 1980—1990- ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ³­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­-­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ — ­ ­­­.

Ѹ­, ­ ­­­­, ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­, , , ­ ­ ­.

̳­ ʲ