2 (395) 01.02.2016 - 28.02.2016

糭 (19362010)
2016  80 糭쳭 . 볭 , , Ⳮ .

­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­, - ­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­, ­ ­­’ ­᳢ ­­­ ­ ­ ̳­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­: 糢­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­, ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­: ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­.

­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ̳­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ — ­­ ­. ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ̳­­­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­. ­ — ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­­. 糢­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­ ͳ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­. , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ «­­», ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­, ­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ͳ­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­… ­­ ­­ ­­: ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­.

­­­ — ­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ 1960- («­­ ­­ ­­­») ­ ­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ «­», ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ’­. ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. — ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ , ­­ ­ ­. ­ — ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­­­ ­.

­ 1960-, ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­.

­­ 1970- — ­­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. 1975 1985- ­ ­ ­ «­­­­ ­». ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ — ­ ­­­, 1970-80- ­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ « ­­» (­­­ ­ ­­) ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­: ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, «­­ ­» . «­ ­­» ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­ «­­» ϳ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, «­­­ ­» ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ . ѳ­­­ ­ ­­ «» ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­.

­ ­ ­­ — « ­­» — ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­­.

­ ­ ­­ — «­­» — ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ : ­ ­­­ ­ ̳­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. «­­» ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­: ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ϳ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­, ­­­, : ­­­­ ­­ ­.

«’­ ­» (1989) — ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­. , ­ ­­­­ ­­ — ’­, ­. ­­ ’­ ­ ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­... ...

1970-80- — ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ’­­­ ­­ , ­ — ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­.

1990 ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ͳ­ « ­ ­­­». ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­. ­­­­ ­­ 1980- 1990-, ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ — ­­ ­­, ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­. , ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­, ­ ­­, ­­ ­.

­­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ «’­ ­» (1989) «­ ­­» (1990), ­­ ­ ­­­ — ­ . «­ ­­» ­­ ­­­ ­­­, — ­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, , «­ ­­» ­ ­­­, — «­­» ­­ «­­» ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­ «­­­­» ­­?

­­ «­ ­­» ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ « ­ » (1990). ­ ­­ ­ 糢­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­.

­­­, 1990 ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ , 1990-, ­­ ­­ ’­­ ̳­­, ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­­ ­ — ­ ­­, ­ — ­­, ­, ­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ̳­­; ­­, ­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ .

­, ­­ ­­ ­­ 1990- ­ ­ ­­ «­­­ ­­. ­­­ ʳ­­ ­­­» (1996—1999), ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­ ­ ­­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ; ­. ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ «­­ ­». ­­­ ­­­ ­­: ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ . ­ ­­ 

­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ’­ ­­, ­­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­ «­­­» ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­: ̳­­. ­ — ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­.

­­­ ­­ ­­ — ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­ ­­, ­­? ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­, ­ ­­. ­­ ­­ 1990-, ­­­ ­­ ͳ­: «­­, ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­».

­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ . ­­ ­­ ­­ «­ , ­ ͳ­­­» (1997) — ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­; ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­­­­­­ ­.

­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, , ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ «­­­­» ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­­ ­ ͳ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­ ­­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ , ­ ­ — ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­­㳳.

­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­ ­­ — ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­: ­, ­­, ­­ — ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­.

­ ­­ ­ ­’ ­­ ­ ­ «­­ⳳ» (2001—2002). ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­, ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­­, ­, ­­­ ­, ­ , ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­’. ­­ⳳ, ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­.

­­ ­ ­­­­ — ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­, — ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ — ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­. ­­­ ­­­­ ­­, ’­ ­­­­ ­ ­᳢ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­, 1970- , ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ «­­­», ­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­. ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­.

­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ — ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ’­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­Ⳣ­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ , ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­.

­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ , ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­.

­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­­ , ­­­ , ­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­.

ֲ