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11 (392) 01.11.2015 - 01.01.2005

?
:  Ⳮ, , , , 볭 .

­­­­ ­­­: ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­,  ­­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ «­ ­ ­». ­­­­ ­­: ­ — ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­. ­ ­ — ­­­ ­­?

­­­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­, ­­ ­ dz­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­­ 1970- — ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­?

­­ ­­­ ­ -­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­’­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­­­ — ­­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ( ­­ ­­­­) ­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­­: ­­­ , ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­.

­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ 1936 ­ ­­­ ­­­­. ­­ «­­­­ ­­» ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ (­­­ ­­­). ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­­ ­, ­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­-­­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­ .

­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­, ­᳢ ­­, « 1924 ­, ­ ­ ­­ (­ — ..), ­ ­­­  — ­­­­ ­­ ­­, “­­ ” ­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ . ­­­ ­­ ­ 70 ­». ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­ ­.

­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­: «­­­ ­ ­­ ­ “­­ ­”... ­­... ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­».

­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ 1980-, ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ — ­ ­­ ­ — ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­,   ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­ ­­­. ­ ( ­­­) ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­­. ­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ’­­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­ . ­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. , ­ ­ ­­ «­­ “­­ ­”» ’­ ­ ̳­­­ (1986 ) ­­­ ­ ­ ­­ . ­­ ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ’­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­᳢­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ — ­­ ­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­­. ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­­.

­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­쳳 ­­ ­­­ ­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­. ( ­ ­­­ ­­­ IJ ­­­) ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­ ­­­­ ­ ­ 15-20 ­­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­ , ­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ - , ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, ­­, ­­­, ­­: «­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ». ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­Ⳣ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­.

­­ ­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­. ­ ( ­­ ­­­ ­­­) ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­ — ­, ­ ­. ­ , ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ — ­ ­­­, ̳­­ ­, ̳­­ ­­, ­ ­­, ­­ ­­ — ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ «­­­» ­­ ­.

­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ «­­ “­­ ­”», ­ ­­­ ­. ­­­, « ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ?», ­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­: «­­­­». ­­ « ­ ­­­­ ­­­?» ­­⸢: « ­­ ­ ». ­­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­­ ­-­­ ­ ­­.

­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­; ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­ , ­!  ­­­ «­­ ­­» (1972) ­­ ̳­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­. ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­­ ̳ ­ ­­­ ­­­­, — ­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­.

­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­­­­, ­, ’­­ ­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­᳢ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ̳­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­­.

­­ ­­­ ­­: ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­­­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­, ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­ ­­­.

­­­ ­­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­: ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­. ­­, ­ ­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­. ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­ ­, ­­, ­ ­, ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­­. ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­, ­ «­­­­» ­­­, ­ ­­­ ­.

­ ­, ­­­ ­ — ­ ­­, ­­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­; ­ ­­ ­­ ­­­㳳 ­­ ­­­­ ­­.