̳Ⳮ?

21 (1564) 21.05.2022 - 27.05.2022

2020 ̲ . , , , , , , . ̳. , , . ̳ . . . .

Ѩ ­­­

1  2020 ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ . ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­. ­­ ­­­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­ ­­ ­ ̳­­­. , ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­­ ­­.

­­ ­­­­ ­­­, ­ ­ ’Ⳣ­ ­­ ղ ­­, ­­­ ­ “Pologne, Russie, Siberie: Joseph Kalinowski”. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­­, ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­­­, 1877 ­ ­ﳢ ­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ( 1991 ­ ­­­­­). ­, ­ ­, ­­­, ­ ̳­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­: “ ­­, , , ­­”. ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­, ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ̳­­­, ⸢ ­­­ ­ “ ­­” ( ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­­ ­­­). ­ ­ ­ ­­­­­­, - ­ ­ ­. ­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­ ­.

ʲ ­ ­?

­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­, ­­­­ ­­: ­ ­ ­­? 2020 ­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­­ , ­ “­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ̳­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ­­”. ­­­ ­ ­, ­ ­­­, -
­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­­ ­­­ “3” (­­­­­ ­­) ­­­ ­­­ ­­­­ ̳­­ ­­­­. ­­­ ­­­­ ̳­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­ ­­­-­­­ ­­.

­ ̳­ ­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­. 2021 ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ -­­ ­­­ ­­ , ­­ , ­­­ ­­ “­­­”. ­­ ­­ ­ ̳­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­, “ ­ ­”. ­­ ­­ ­­ “” (.  18, 2021). ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­.

­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ (­­), ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­­, ­ ­­­. ­­ , ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­­, ­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­. ­ — ­­, , , ­­-­­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­  — ­ ­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­ ­, ­­.

ò­­۲ ­Ǩ­

­, ­­ ­ ­­, ­ ­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­. ­­ ­ ­­ XVI ­­. 1650- ­­­ ­­­ ­­­. ­­­ XVIII ­­ ­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­ “ ­­” ­­. ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­­­­, ­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­. ­­­ ­ ­, 1807 ­, ­­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­ ­  — ­­ ­­ (­­­ ­ ­­ ̳­­ ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­­). 1833 ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­­ ­­­, ­­­ ­­븢­ ­­. 1857 ­ ­ ­ ­­ ­­­ ­ ³­­ ­­­ (1833—1880), ­­ ­ ­­­ ­ ­­.

­­­ (1805—1878), ­­ ³­­, ­ ­­. ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­糳. ­ ­­ ­ ³­­ ­­ ­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ (­­, ­­ ­­­ ̳­ ­­, ­ ­­), ­ ­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­­ ­. ­ ­ ­ ­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­ … ­­ ­­­ (­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­­ ­ ̳­­­).

­­ ­˨­ ­

­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­, ­­ ­ ­­­­ ­­, ­­ ­, ­ ­­­­ ­­ ­ ( ­ ­ ­­).- ­­ ­ “­­­­”. ­ ­­ ­ ­ , ­­ “­­­­ ­­” ­ ­. ­­, ­­ ­ ̳­­­, ­­­ ­­, ­­­ ­­­. ­ ­­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ̳­­­ “ ­­”, ­­­ ­­­ ­­ ­­ “­­­­” “­­­­”.

­­­­ ­­­­, ­­­ ­ ­ ­­, ­  ­­ ­­, ­­­ ­ ­­ ­­­. ­­­­ ­ ­ ­­­. ­­­ , ­­ ­, ­­. ֳ ­­­ ­­­­ ­, ­­­, ­, ­­, ­ ­­ ­­­ .

­­, ­­­­. ­ ­­ ­­ ­ ­­­ ­­ ­ ­­­­­ ­­ ­­. ­­­ ­, ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­ ­­­, ­ ­­­. ­ ­­­ ­ , ­­­.

ʲ

­­­ ­ ­­­쳢 ­ ­­­, ­­ ­­ ­ ­­ ­­­-­­­ ­­­ ­­ ̳­­­ ­ ­­­ ­­­. ­, ­ ­.

: ²
"", -